Spring Bean Life Cycle

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In spring bean instantiation to destruction, there is a series of steps has been performed by Spring container. Each stage has its own predefined task. One thing which is really good about Spring that is we can hook to every stage of Spring through callback methods.

Callback method in this context is developer creates a method and provide some instructions for a stage and telling spring container to execute those instructions when the Spring bean reaches to that particular stage of life cycle.

Different stages of Spring bean

spring bean stages

Spring container instantiate Spring Bean.
Populate Properties
Spring container set the properties of the bean by injection (from Spring configuration XML).
Set the identifier of the bean.

If BeanFactoryAware has been implemented, Container passes the BeanFactory context into the bean.


If ApplicationContextAware has been implemented, Container passes the Applicationcontext into the bean.


If BeanPostPeocessor interface has been implemented in a bean container, spring calls bean’s postProcessBeforeIntialization method for doing any preprocess stuff.


If an old intializingBean interface has been implemented in a bean, it calls the afterPropertySet method of that interface to do any initialization stuff after bean property has been set.


Call init method for any initialization stuff.


If BeanPostPeocessor interface has been implemented in a bean container, Spring calls bean’s postProcessAfterIntialization method for doing any post processing stuff.


If old disposableBean interface has been implemented by a bean, spring calls the destroy method of that interface to do any pre-destroy stuff before bean deletion from the container.

Custom Destroy

call destroy method for any pre-destroy stuff.

In the upcoming chapters, we will talke about PostProcessor and Aware interfaces. Now we will concentrate on the two important callback method in SpringBean Lifecycle

  • Init
  • Destroy

In ancient days of spring, this can be achieved through implementing InitializingBean and DisposableBean interface. Any pre-initialization instruction was written in afterPropetiesSet() method and any pre destroy stuff was written in destroy() method.

But, now no-one uses this since by implementing those interfaces you make your POJO as Spring dependent POJO. So, later If you thought you will not be going to use Spring or want to re-use that POJO in other Application, refactoring will be needed.

TIP: Please, never ever use those InitializingBean, DisposableBean interfaces. init and destroy are mainly used for opening File stream, database connection or closing those costly resources.

Problem: Let us try to solve a problem. We want Currency to show its symbol where the input is the amount and the country name.


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
<bean id="helloWorld" class="com.example.initDestoty.InitDestroyTestBean" init-method="init">
<property name="price" value="50"/>
<property name="countryName" value="US"/>

Java Code:

package com.example.initDestoty;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class InitDestroyTestBean {
	int price;
	String countryName;
	String msg;
	public void init()
			this.msg=price + "$";
			this.msg=price + "Rupees";
	public void destroy()
		System.out.println("Call destroy");	
public String getCountryName() {
		return countryName;
	public void setCountryName(String countryName) {
		this.countryName = countryName;

public int getPrice() {
		return price;

	public void setPrice(int price) {
		this.price = price;

	public String getMsg() {
		return msg;

	public void setMsg(String msg) {
		this.msg = msg;

public static void main(String[] args) {		
		ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("configFiles/initdestroy.xml");
		InitDestroyTestBean bean =(InitDestroyTestBean) ctx.getBean("helloWorld");

Output: 50$

Look at the init method based on the country. We populate the msg property since the country is the US, we get 50$ as output.

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