Mechanical Engineering Seminar Topics

We provide a big list of latest 2013-2014 Mechanical Seminar Topics, Presentation Topics and Advanced Research Topics with PPT and abstract based on Technical Papers,  educational articles and research journals for final year Mechanical and Automobile Engineering Students. Presentations are provided at the end of each article.

Vehicle Operator Safety - The Advantages of Using Electronic Sensors in Off-road Vehicles

Off-road vehicles are designed to perform arduous tasks in extreme outdoor conditions. In industries such as construction, agriculture and forestry, vehicles must navigate on uneven surfaces while lifting and moving heavy loads. For vehicle operators, the chances of tipping or rolling over are high, and safety is a concern. By installing preventative measures such as electronic sensors to detect the vehicle’s operating condition and alignment, operator safety is increased. This   paper will describe the advantages of using three distinct sensor types in off-road vehicles to improve operator safety.

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition - Future Of IC Engines

In this paper the Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) combustion process is discussed.The objective of this paper is to provide a high efficiency means of fuel utilization.The development of a high efficiency,low emissions combustion process leads to the saving of petroleum based fuels for some more time. The main principle behind this combustion process is the fuel and air are mixed before combustion starts and that the mixture is auto ignited due to the increase in temperature from the compression stroke.Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition engines combine the very best gasoline and diesel engine properties. This alternative combustion process, which uses lean mixtures is ignited without a spark or flame front. HCCI engines have the potential to provide high,diesel-like efficiencies and very low emissions. In an HCCI engine, a dilute, premixed fuel/air charge auto ignites and burns volumetrically as a result of being compressed by the piston. The charge is made dilute either by being very lean, or by mixing with recycled exhaust gases.

Total Quality Management In Business Process Reengineering

Many processes in business today are sophisticated and complex. Activities such as loan origination and fulfillment, claim dispute resolution, and product delivery are just a few of the hundreds of processes that can require action from multiple departments and span days, or even months. This challenge is where business process management (BPM) comes into play. BPM is the definition, design, integration, automation, monitoring, and management of business processes. Organizations across the globe are using BPM tools to coordinate work between human resources and systems services with the ultimate goal of improving organizational efficiency, responsiveness, and reliability. Companies embracing BPM have realized both immediate and long-term ROI. In fact, according to CIO magazine, many BPM customers report an ROI between 200 and 300 percent. Quite simply, BPM is helping companies meet today’s business challenges, lower operational costs, and streamline the processes they rely on to run their business.

A Control Classification of Automated Guided Vehicle Systems

Automated guided vehicle systems (AGVS) are widely used for transporting material in manufacturing and warehousing applications. These systems offer many advantages over other forms of material transport. However, the design of these systems is complex due to the interrelated decisions that must be made and the large number of system design alternatives that are available. In particular, the design of the AGVS control system can be quite challenging, and it can dramatically affect the system cost and performance. This paper presents a classification of automated guided vehicle systems developed from a control perspective. The classification is useful for understanding the implications of the AGVS design decisions on the control system. It also provides the first step towards the development of a useful AGVS design aid that helps a system designer determine the most appropriate AGVS design for a particular application.

Rapid Prototyping of Robotic Systems

It is always desirable to evaluate a proposed robot design prior to full prototyping to ensure the swiftest and most cost effective design changes. Even though powerful three-dimensional Computer Aided Design and Dynamic Analysis software packages such as Pro-Engineer, IDEAS, ADAMS and Working Model 3-D are now being used, they cannot provide important visual, haptic and realistic workspace information for the proposed design. In addition, there is a great need for developing methodologies and techniques that will allow fast design, fabrication and testing of robotic systems. A framework for the feasibility and usefulness of applying Rapid Prototyping in fabricating robotic systems is presented here.

TQM - A Successful Journey

TQM has now become a language of all the leading companies in and around the globe. It is unanimously considered to be the lifeblood of excellence in all the spheres of business. It is one of the advanced techniques of Quality Control. TQM is defined as “Managing the entire organization so that it excels on all dimensions of product and services that are important to the customer.” One of the major tractor manufacturing companies, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., located in MIDC Hingna, Nagpur has bagged the coveted Deming Prize in the year 2003 for their rigorous efforts in the field of TQM. The company has implemented TQM in three different phases namely the Introduction phase, Promotion phase and Development phase. The major activities in development phase are: Policy deployment and DWM, Developing KAIZEN culture through employee involvement, SOPs for every process, Statistical process control, Monthly P-D-C-A, Periodic audits, 5-S, Performance management system, Customer focus.

Micro Machined Microsensors for the measurement of Mechanical Signals

The rapid development of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technologies in recent years has provided a high degree of spatial miniaturization and integration of electromechanical components, which enable integrated sensing and control in manufacturing. In this paper we presented an overview of the state of the art of micro machined microsensors for the measurement of mechanical signals in the manufacturing industry for automobiles, manufacturing, medical equipment, environment, robotics, food and other consumer products. We will describe major design parameters of such microsensors, such as dynamic range, sensitivity, resolutions and accuracy and provide real world applications. In this paper we also dealt with issues related to the spatial integration of signal processing, power supply, and wireless communication with the sensing elements, which are of direct relevance to the overall performance of the microsensors.

Technical Paper On Six Stroke Engine

Six Stroke engine, the name itself indicates a cycle of six strokes out of which two are useful power strokes. According to its mechanical design, the six-stroke engine with external and internal combustion and double flow is similar to the actual internal reciprocating combustion engine. However, it differentiates itself entirely, due to its thermodynamic cycle and a modified cylinder head with two supplementary chambers: combustion and an air heating chamber, both independent from the cylinder. In this the cylinder and the combustion chamber are separated which gives more freedom for design analysis. Several advantages result from this, one very important being the increase in thermal efficiency.

New Trends In Manufacturing - Rapid Prototyping

There is today an extensive range of applications for Rapid Prototyping technology. Few other technologies are versatile enough to aid the design and manufacture in industries so varied as medical, aerospace, automobile etc. In medical industry, the use of Rapid Prototyping technology coupled with other techniques has led to improvement in services offered to patients by improvements in such areas as 3D visualization of a specific anatomy, surgical planning, implant designs and prostheses production. In this paper we report on investigations to develop prosthetic designs that are effective and yield the best design outcomes along with long-term biocompatibility. The approach adopted is to integrate image visualization software, CAD systems and Rapid prototyping systems in the design and manufacture of the prosthetic devices (model of skull) based on data obtained from Computed Tomography (CT) device.

Application Of Machine Learning and Robotics

Machine Learning is a branch of Artificial Intelligence and is gaining importance. If Machine Learning is applied to robots then they can learn by themselves and thus help to reduce the tedious task of monitoring, programming and also will minimize the overhead charges. The paper takes into consideration the introduction of Machine Learning and its applications to robotics with a case study. The paper briefly explains the method of learning with a case study of system able of performing complex manipulation task. A manipulation system that can observe dynamic changes in the environment in real time. This consists of a grasping system that uses a high-speed visual and force feedback technique having a multi-fingered hand-arm with a hierarchical parallel processing system and a high-speed vision system SPE-256 and Grasping with high responsiveness and adaptiveness to dynamic changes in the environment is realized by Machine Learning.

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