Electronics and Communication Seminar Topics for ECE

We provide a big list of latest 2015-2016 Electronics and Communication seminar topics, Speech Ideas and advanced research topics in the field of Electronics with free PPT and abstract based on Technical IEEE Papers and research journals for B.E, B.Tech, MSc and ECE students. PPT's are provided at the end of each article for free download.

Wavelet Based Image Compression using Subband Threshold

Wavelet based image compression has been a focus of research in recent days. In this paper, we propose a compression technique based on modification of original EZW coding. In this lossy technique, we try to discard less significant information in the image data in order to achieve further compression with minimal effect on output image quality. The algorithm calculates weight of each subband and finds the subband with minimum weight in every level. This minimum weight subband in each level, that contributes least effect during image reconstruction, undergoes a threshold process to eliminate low-valued data in it. Zerotree coding is done next on the resultant output for compression. Different values of threshold were applied during experiment to see the effect on compression ratio and reconstructed image quality. The proposed method results in further increase in compression ratio with negligible loss in image quality.

Digital Signal Processing in the field of test and measurement

This paper deals with the continuous development of digital signal processing in the field of test and measurement. Continuous  process of development of filters to meet he challenges of bandwidth and accuracy. The real time oscilloscope has been the mainstay of electronic and R&D applications. DSP is a well established discipline. It  has become the enabling toll to extend the oscilloscope bandwidth beyond the current analogue limits and to improve the overall measurement accuracy. This above said extension in bandwidth of oscilloscope is made to reality with the help of filtering technique. In addition, the various developments in digital filters in the field of digital signal processing is discussed.

Chromosome Image Enhancement

Image processing has been used in almost all the areas such as remote sensing, military, biomedical, industrial applications. The world is growing more crowded all the time, with a fragile environment that needs protection. Natural resources are becoming increasingly precious and hard to find. This paper is mainly focused on chromosome image enhancement and future extraction based on karyotyping. The features computed and used for analysis include: centromeric index, chromosome size and banding pattern features including total number of bands. A method that is discussed is enhance the image by applying filtering technique and finds the future of centromere detection. This paper is covered the procedure of enhancement and detection of centromere and presented some of results. The results are obtained by different algorithms using MATLAB. 

Cache Compression

Code compression could lead to less overall system die area and therefore less cost. This is significant in the embedded system field where cost is very sensitive. In most of the recent approaches for code compression, only instruction ROM is compressed. Decompression is done between the cache and memory, and instruction cache is kept uncompressed. Additional saving could be achieved if the decompression unit is moved to between CPU and cache, and keeps the instruction cache compressed as well. In this paper, we explored the issues for compressing the instruction cache. In the process, we discuss a high level implementation for a 64-bit, 5-stage pipeline MIPS like processor with compressed instruction cache.

Bluetooth

During the past two decades, the advancement in microelectronics and VLSI technology dipped down the cost of many consumer electronic products to a level, which was affordable for the common man. The sale of cellular phones is predicted to reach 1 billion in 2005. With increase in the number of electronic devices, comes in the need of connecting them together for maximum interoperability and utilization. Bluetooth is a technology devised to replace the cables.

Biochips

“Biochips”-The most exciting future technology is an outcome of the fields of Computer science, Electronics & Biology. Its a new type of bio-security device to accurately track information regarding what a person is doing, and who is to accurately track information regarding what he is doing, and who is actually doing it. It’s no more required with biochips the good old idea of remembering  pesky PINs, Passwords, & Social security numbers .No more matters of carrying medical records to a hospital, No more cash/credit card carrying to the market place; everything goes embedded in the chip. Every thing goes digitalized. No more hawker tricks on the internet. Biochip has a variety technique for secured E-money transactions on the net. The power of biochips exists in capability of locating lost children, downed soldiers, and wandering Alzheimer patients.

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is application of biology, computer science, electronics, IT and Mathematical and statistical tools in the domain of life science. Bio information finds applications in medicine for

  • Recommending individually tailored drugs based on an individual profile. This type of drugs are very important because treatments for dreaded diseases such as cancer.
  • It helps to identify a specific genetic sequence that is responsible for a particular disease, its associated protein, and protein functions.  For curing the disease a new drug can be discovered.
  • It helps to screen heart attacks and diabetics years before patients develop symptoms.  These will help doctors to diagnose illness faster, eliminating experience and time consuming are dealt like biopsies and sigmoidoscopies.

Application of Image Processing

While humans have had the innate ability to recognize and distinguish different faces for millions of years, computers are just now catching up. In this paper, we'll learn how computers are turning your face into computer code so it can be compared to thousands, if not millions, of other faces. We'll also look at how facial recognition software is being used in elections, criminal investigations and to secure your personal computer.

DTM (Dynamic synchronous transfer mode)

Dynamic synchronous transfer mode (DTM) is an exciting networking technology. The idea behind it is to provide high-speed networking with top-quality transmissions and the ability to adapt the bandwidth to traffic variations quickly. DTM is designed to be used in integrated service networks for both distribution and one-to-one communication. It can be used directly for application-to-application communication or as a carrier for higher-layer protocols such as Internet protocol (IP).

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