Electronics and Communication Seminar Topics for ECE

We provide a big list of latest 2015-2016 Electronics and Communication seminar topics, Speech Ideas and advanced research topics in the field of Electronics with free PPT and abstract based on Technical IEEE Papers and research journals for B.E, B.Tech, MSc and ECE students. PPT's are provided at the end of each article for free download.

Optical Fiber Communications

Cosmologists have now accepted the notion of a big bang theory as the beginning of the universe. A leading contender among theories is now the inflation theory in which the universe briefly expands at speeds orders of magnitude greater than the speed of light. The Internet and its appetite for bandwidth is currently expanding at a rate that until recently economists considered impossible. The notion that the Internet would overtake the voice network, first in terms of bandwidth usage, and then in terms of profit and revenue, is now well accepted. Some of the theories about the Internet’s expansion in the coming 2–5 years seem analogous to cosmology’s inflation theory in that prior notions of the laws of physics must be suspended or modified in order to support the theories. Despite initial impressions that one may draw from the attempt at humour in the way of an unusual analogy, this paper provides a serious look at the problem of scaling the Internet by one or more decimal orders of magnitude. Protocol scalability is examined, considering potential roles of optical switching and the new class of tera bit routers.

IRIS using Biometrics

Biometrics is a technology that automatically authenticates, identify, or verify an individual based on physiological or behavioural characteristics. This is accomplished by using computer technology in a non-invasive way to match patterns of live individuals in real time against enrolled records. The commonly used Biometric techniques include recognition of faces, hands, fingers, signatures, voices, fingerprints and irises for a person’s identification and authentication. This paper discusses in detail the Iris Recognition as a Biometric Technique.

Interference Cancellation for Cellular Systems

Cellular networks today are interference-limited and will only become increasingly so in the future,due to the many users that need to share the spectrum to achieve high-rate multimedia communication. Despite the enormous amount of academic and industrial research in the past twenty years on interference-aware receivers and the large performance improvements promised by these multiuser techniques, today’s receivers still generally treat interference as background noise. In this paper, we enumerate the reasons for this widespread scepticism, and discuss how current and future trends will increase the need and viability of multiuser receivers for both the uplink, where many asynchronous users will be simultaneously detected, and the downlink, where users will be scheduled and largely orthogonalized, but the mobile handset will still need to cope with a few dominant interfering base stations.New results for interference cancelling receivers that use conventional front ends are shown to alleviate many of the shortcomings of prior techniques, particularly for the challenging uplink. This paper gives an overview of key recent research breakthroughs on interference cancellation, and highlights system-level considerations for future multiuser receivers.

Image Processing

In the present world Computer Graphics plays an important role. The areas here we are using computer graphics are Entertainment, Presentations, Education and training, Visualization, Design, Image Processing and Graphical User Interface. In all these Image Processing has its own importance. Image Processing deals with how we can improve the clarity of image and to manipulate the image which is a very important application of computer graphics. In Image processing we are doing some operation on image.

Intelligent Traffic Light Control Using Embedded Systems

Embedded systems are fast achieving ubiquity, blurring the lines between science fiction and hard reality. These systems are found in almost every electronic device in use today. In fact Embedded Systems is not a new technology, but it has come into limelight only recently due to the convergence of many technologies like telecom, consumer electronics, automobiles, factory automation, smart-cards, traffic control using the immense power of the Microprocessor. Embedded Systems have penetrated our lives in such a radical way that most of us may not even notice what lies under the hood of many commonly used gizmos and gadgets. Thus, we should have an idea about how embedded systems plays an important role in our day-to-day life.

GPS Satellites

GPS (Global Positioning System), a constellation of 24 NAVSTARs (Navigation Satellites for Time and Ranging) in six groups of four owned and operated by the Department Of Defence (DOD), is the first positioning system to offer highly precise location data for any point on the planet, in any weather. Today’s GPS receivers are extremely accurate. WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) can give us even better accuracy to an average of up to five times better. We can also get better accuracy with Differential GPS (DGPS) to an accuracy of three to five meters. For example Military-approved equipment can pinpoint accuracy with one meter. The signals that are transmitted by GPS satellite are two low power radio signals, designated L1 and L2.A GPS signal contain information such as which satellite is transmitting information, current date and time, and orbital information. There are some actors that can degrade the GPS signals, which are explained briefly in the foregoing papers. There are wide ranges of applications of GPS on land, at sea, and in the air .The first and most obvious applications of GPS is the simple determination of a “position “ or location. In future this GPS may become very much accurate as currently it is.

GPS and Its Application In Hydrographic Survey

Global Positioning System, popularly known as GPS, is one of the history’s most exciting and revolutionary developments, and new uses for it are constantly being discovered. GPS shows the position of any object exactly on earth, any time, in any weather and anywhere .The Global Positioning System consists of three parts space segment, control segment and user segment. The cost of maintaining the system is approximately US$ 400 million per year, including the replacement of ageing satellites. The GPS satellites, 24 in all, 11000 nautical miles above the earth, transmit signals that can be detected by anyone with GPS receiver. Using this receiver, we can be able to determine the location of the object with great precision usually of about several centimetres with the help of advanced technology.

Genetic Algorithm

All living organisms consist of cells. In each cell there is the same set of chromosomes. Chromosomes are strings of DNA and serve as a model for the whole organism. A chromosome consists of genes, blocks of DNA. Each gene encodes a particular protein. Basically, it can be said that each gene encodes a trait, for example color of eyes. Possible settings for a trait (e.g. blue, brown) are called alleles. Each gene has its own position in the chromosome. This position is called locus.Complete set of genetic material (all chromosomes) is called genome. Particular set of genes in genome is called genotype. The genotype is with later development after birth base for the organism's phenotype, its physical and mental characteristics, such as eye color, intelligence etc. During reproduction, recombination (or crossover) first occurs. Genes from parents combine to form a whole new chromosome. The newly created offspring can then be mutated. Mutation means that the elements of DNA are a bit changed. This changes are mainly caused by errors in copying genes from parents.

Embedded Systems

The world has become highly constrained by time. The ever-changing scenario of the world demands replacement of human supervision by automated systems. Embedded system is the brainchild of the intellectuals, which has proven to be such desired systems. This paper is an attempt to throw some light on this topic. This gives an overview about some concepts of embedded systems. The concept starts with the classification of three basic parts

  • Hardware concepts of embedded systems
  • Software concepts of embedded systems
  • Applications of embedded systems

Electronic Watchdog

Electronic watchdog is used for your house that sounds to inform you that somebody is at gate or passing through it. The circuit comprises of a transmitter unit and receiver units, which are mounted face to face on the opposite pillars of the gate or door such that the IR beam transmitted through IR LED1 of the transmitter, get interrupted when someone is standing at the gate or passing through it.

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