Bioinformatics

    9 Votes

Bioinformatics is application of biology, computer science, electronics, IT and Mathematical and statistical tools in the domain of life science. Bio information finds applications in medicine for

  • Recommending individually tailored drugs based on an individual profile. This type of drugs are very important because treatments for dreaded diseases such as cancer.
  • It helps to identify a specific genetic sequence that is responsible for a particular disease, its associated protein, and protein functions.  For curing the disease a new drug can be discovered.
  • It helps to screen heart attacks and diabetics years before patients develop symptoms.  These will help doctors to diagnose illness faster, eliminating experience and time consuming are dealt like biopsies and sigmoidoscopies.

Electronics is playing a leading role, by way of developing gene chips, biochips, lab-on-a chip & biosensors.  These chips are based on the electrical and electron charges exhibited by the cells of the human body. The cell based electronic Microsystems, involves functional coupling of the output signals of the cell system in response to external physical on chemical stimuli to a microelectronic transducer unit.  Electrical and dielectric properties of cells can be correlated to the physiological cell parameter.  Electronic / magnetic fields, light, temperature, etc. form the physical inputs.  Nutrients, hormones, neurotransmitters, changes in protons or other on concentration etc., from the chemical inputs (excitation).

After exciting the cell, the corresponding physiological reactions of the cell, which might be physical and /or chemical, can be observed.  The reactions can be described as changes in gene expression storage of certain substances, etc. These can also be described as a set of output signals that allow the cell to communicate with its environment and with other cells.  This information can be transmitted by chemical organic monocles (or) physical signals.

Electronics is playing a leading role, by way of developing gene chips, biochips, lab-on-a chip & biosensors.  These chips are based on the electrical and electron charges exhibited by the cells of the human body.  The cell based electronic Microsystems, involves functional coupling of the output signals of the cell system in response to external physical on chemical stimuli to a microelectronic transducer unit.  Electrical and dielectric properties of cells can be correlated to the physiological cell parameter.  Electronic / magnetic fields, light, temperature, etc form the physical inputs.  Nutrients, hormones, neurotransmitters, changes in protons or other on concentration etc, from the chemical inputs (excitation).

After exciting the cell, the corresponding physiological reactions of the cell, which might be physical and /or chemical, can be observed.  The reactions can be described as changes in gene expression storage of certain substances, etc.  These can also be described as a set of output signals that allow the cell to communicate with its environment and with other cells.  This information can be transmitted by chemical organic monocles (or) physical signals.

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