Electronics and Communication Seminar Topics for ECE


We provide a big list of latest 2015-2016 Electronics and Communication seminar topics, Speech Ideas and advanced research topics in the field of Electronics with free PPT and abstract based on Technical IEEE Papers and research journals for B.E, B.Tech, MSc and ECE students. PPT's are provided at the end of each article for free download.

Plasmonics

The ever-increasing demand for faster information transport and processing capabilities is undeniable. Our data-hungry society has driven enormous progress in the Si electronics industry and we have witnessed a continuous progression towards smaller, faster, and more efficient electronic devices over the last five decades. The scaling of these devices has also brought about a myriad of challenges. Currently, two of the most daunting problems preventing significant increases in processor speed are thermal and signal delay issues associated with electronic interconnection.

POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY

Positron emission tomography, also called PET imaging or a PET scan, is a type of nuclear medicine imaging. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique which produces a three-dimensional image or map of functional processes in the body. The system detects pairs of gamma rays emitted indirectly by a positron-emitting radioisotope, which is introduced into the body on a metabolically active molecule. Images of metabolic activity in space are then reconstructed by computer analysis, often in modern scanners aided by results from a CT X-ray scan performed on the patient at the same time, in the same machine.

Green Lasers

Solid state lasers can produce light in red and blue parts of the visible spectrum, generating laser light in all colors except green. But recent research work suggests that this ‘green gap’ could be plugged. New techniques for growing laser diodes could soon make brilliant full spectrum display a reality. Plugging the green gap in the red green- blue triad needed for full-color laser projection and display would help speed the introduction of laser projectors for televisions and movie theaters, which will display much richer colors than other systems, and tiny handheld projectors as in cellphones.

Life Detection System Based on L and S Band Microwaves

The "Life detection system : Based on L and S bands Microwaves" is a new revolutionary embedded system to detect human beings buried under earthquake rubble or debris. "Thousands of persons killed as a cause of earthquake". The above words aren’t the headlines of the newspaper but daily news everyone come across whenever we go through a newspaper or watching over a TV news. With the meteoric embedded systems along with microprocessor preventing deaths and providing safe guided measures. By advent of this system the world death rate may decrease to greater extent as large percentage of death occur due to earthquake. The advantages of microwave signals are fully utilized in this system.The L and S band microwaves are used here to detect the living body.

Nuclear Fuels using Lasers

Laser enrichment processes have been the focus of interest for some time. They are a possible third-generation technology promising lower energy inputs, lower capital costs and lower tails assays, hence significant economic advantages. One of these processes is almost ready for commercial use. Laser processes are in two categories: atomic and molecular.

Thunderbolt - An incredibly fast input/output technology

Thunderbolt began at Intel Labs with a simple concept, create an incredibly fast input/output technology that just about anything can plug into. After close technical collaboration between Intel and Apple, Thunderbolt emerged from the lab to make its appearance in Mac computers. Intel co-invented USB and PCI Express, which have become widely adopted technologies for data transfer. Apple invented FireWire and was instrumental in popularizing USB. Their collective experience has made Thunderbolt the most powerful, most flexible I/O technology ever in a personal computer.

Sensors Optimized For 3D Digitization

Digital 3D imaging can benefit from advances in VLSI technology in order to accelerate its deployment in many fields like visual communication and industrial automation. High-resolution 3D images can be acquired using laser-based vision systems. With this approach, the 3D information becomes relatively insensitive to background illumination and surface texture. Complete images of visible surfaces that are rather featureless to the human eye or a video camera can be generated. Intelligent digitizers will be capable of measuring accurately and simultaneously colour and 3D.

High Altitude Aeronautical Platforms (HAAPS)

High Altitude Aeronautical Platform Stations (HAAPS) is the name of a technology for providing wireless narrowband and broadband telecommunication services as well as broadcasting services with either airships or aircraft's. The HAAPS are operating at altitudes between 3 to 22 km. A HAAPS shall be able to cover a service area of up to 1000 km diameter, depending on the minimum elevation angle accepted from the user's location. The platforms may be airplanes or airships (essentially balloons) and may be manned or un-manned with autonomous operation coupled with remote control from the ground. HAAPS mean a solar-powered and unmanned airplane or airship, capable of long endurance on-station possibly several years.

Energy Transmission System For Artificial Heart

The artificial heart now in use, like the natural heart it is designed to replace, is a four chambered device for pumping blood. Such electrical circulatory assist devices such as total artificial heart or ventricular assist devices generally use a brushless dc motor as their pump. They require 12–35 Watt to operate and can be powered by a portable battery pack and a dc–dc converter.

Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBG)

Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending pulses of light through an optical fiber. The light forms an electromagnetic carrier wave that is modulated to carry information. The main benefits of fiber are its exceptionally low loss, allowing long Distances between amplifiers or repeaters; and its inherently high data carrying Capacity , such that thousands of electrical links would be required to replace a Single high bandwidth fiber cable. Another benefit of fibers is that even whenrun alongside each other for long distances, fiber cables experience effectively no crosstalk, in contrast to some types of electrical transmission lines.